In the results of a year-long 2012 study, Gallup today announced it finds “almost nine in 10 Republicans are white.” Overall, 89 percent of Republicans are white, only six percent are Hispanic, only two percent are non-Hispanic Black, and only one percent are Asian.
“Non-Hispanic whites accounted for 89% of Republican self-identifiers nationwide in 2012, while accounting for 70% of independents and 60% of Democrats,” Gallup reports. “On the other hand, relatively few Hispanics and blacks identified as Republicans, while both of these groups represented a significantly higher percentage of independents and Democrats nationwide.”
“The ability of the Republican Party to make inroads among nonwhites has been much discussed in recent months, particularly the GOP’s efforts to improve on the 13% allegiance that Gallup data show it obtains from Hispanics,” Gallup adds:
Another path to growth for the Republican Party would be an increase in its penetration into the white sector of the population, only 35% of which now identifies as Republican. On the other hand, the Democratic Party will grow if it too can extend its identification among whites, and maintain or strengthen its position among nonwhites.
A second factor that will affect the future of the political parties in the U.S. is straightforward demographics. Projections show that the nonwhite proportion of the American adult population will grow in the years ahead. This means that if current partisan allegiance patterns prevail, the size of the Democratic base will be in a better position to grow than will the Republican base.
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